Bad River Watershed Association

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Soils, Landforms & Water

BRWA hosted Soils, Landforms & Water, the latest in our Watershed Walk series, on Saturday, September 12.  Ten people attended this fantastic hike led by Ulf Gafvert.

Great weather made for a great morning to tramp through the woods with Ulf and learn how soil, landforms and water are connected.  Ulf provided a history/geography/physical science lesson in the course of a short walk on a Bayfield County hillside.  He described soil permeability and how differing types of soils handle substances applied naturally (rain) or otherwise (manure) to their surface.

Walking down the hillside, Ulf dug cores a few feet below the topsoil.  Trip participants were able to see how the soils differed at various locations going down the hillside.  As water flows and seeps through the ground and downhill, it changes the characteristics of the soil.  The bottom of the hill, the flatland, was made up of heavy clay where drainage becomes much more challenging.  It is more difficult for water to seep through clay soil, and there is generally more surface run-off.

Ulf currently works for the National Park Service Great Lakes Monitoring Network.  He has also worked as a Soil Scientist with the Natural Resources Conservation Service.


An Expanded Vision for the Bad River Watershed Association

The Bad River Watershed Association is excited to announce that we have just released a new vision for the organization, which we will work to establish over the next several years.  Read the full vision statement below, or click HERE to download the PDF.

Our History


The Bad River Watershed Association (BRWA) was founded 13 years ago in 2002 by concerned citizens who wanted to have a better understanding of the water quality in our area. There was a lot of anecdotal evidence about water conditions and problem areas, but data about the water quality of the region were sorely lacking. This group decided that a citizen-based watershed organization would be a valuable addition to the area. As they began their work, they decided that the Bad River watershed, which drains over 1000 square miles of land into Lake Superior, was just the right size for a new organization to take on.

Over the past 13 years, the Bad River Watershed Association has grown from an entirely volunteer driven organization to one with motivated staff, committed volunteers and a membership that reaches throughout the state and beyond. By coordinating and training volunteers, we have monitored water quality at 105 sites and have used these data to assist the State in naming several Exceptional and Outstanding Water Resources in the area. Our culvert program partners with townships and counties and has, to date, replaced 20 culverts that were causing sedimentation and creating fish barriers. To prioritize this work, we developed a culvert assessment protocol and have inventoried over 1000 culverts throughout the Bad River watershed. That protocol has now been adopted for use by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and is being used to prioritize culvert replacements statewide. Early in 2013 our Watershed Action Plan for the Marengo River was approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency, bringing clear guidance and new funding opportunities for restoration along that river. This was a huge accomplishment that required coordination of many different parties and cooperation between state and tribal entities, each with its own federally approved water quality standards. The plan continues to be used to improve water quality of this sub-watershed of the Bad River.

During quiet times and turbulent times, the Bad River Watershed Association has held strong to our mission to involve citizens in assessing, maintaining and improving watershed integrity for future generations. We have spoken out for the rights of citizens to be involved in the decisions made about their water. The data collected by our staff and volunteers have informed the public and our representatives of the resources that might be at risk given various possible land uses. Today, we are a strong organization with state-wide name recognition, a strong set of skills and a proven track record of success.

Building on Success

2015 and Beyond

Expanding our reach- Red Cliff to Michigan

As we consider the future of the BRWA, we realize the time for growth has arrived. Lake Superior and the Chequamegon Bay region in particular are precious to many. People count on clean water and healthy natural resources for their employment, recreation and daily life. The rivers and streams that empty into the Bay and Lake have an impact on these waters and the resources within, like fish and wild rice.

Expanding our reach around the Chequamegon Bay, out to Madeline Island and east to the state line will allow us to bring our skills and expertise to a greater area, which suffers much of the same lack of data that motivated citizens to start the BRWA so many years ago. Growing the organization in this way we add another 60% of land to the area we cover while increasing the number of people living within our working area by approximately five times. Citizens in this region have always been interested in protecting the water they depend on, and awareness is growing rapidly as new risks to the resource emerge. By bringing our organization to a wider audience, the Association will engage citizens as a community and help develop the ties between individuals and the broader watershed system they depend on.

Click HERE to download this map.


The next step in the Penokee Range - Wild and Scenic Rivers

Since its inception, the Bad River Watershed Association has worked to monitor and protect the Penokee Range and the waters that run through it. Over the last four years, as the Penokee Range received statewide, and even national attention, other organizations and the larger northern Wisconsin community began to engage wholeheartedly in learning about this area and educating others about its beauty and importance. During this time our Association coordinated efforts with many different organizations and in doing so raised our organization’s profile and strengthened our statewide partnerships.

Growing knowledge of the region has made it clear that the Bad River, the Tyler Forks River and the land that they run through possess remarkable scenic value as well as providing critical habitat for fish and wildlife. Their current relatively pristine and free flowing condition makes them excellent candidates to be named by Congress as National Wild and Scenic Rivers. The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, passed by Congress in 1968 is in place to protect such places “for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations.” The Bad River Watershed Association will work with our partners and the community at large to continue studies of this crucial region and assess the feasibility of having these rivers designated by Congress. It will take the collaboration of all these organizations and the compilation of the knowledge we continue to gain about the region to make this designation happen. It may well be a long and perhaps difficult process, but it is clear that these rivers are worthy of the recognition and protection accorded by the Wild and Scenic Rivers designation.

Building our citizen science water quality monitoring program- Increased cooperation with schools

The strength of the BRWA comes from our method of involving citizens in monitoring and protecting the waters they care about. When citizens dip their own feet in a river and are active in gathering data about the water they depend on, they are likely to become more engaged when land use issues threaten to put those waters at risk. Expansion of the Association will require increased numbers of volunteers to help with resource assessments and water quality monitoring. As the Watershed Association grows, we will provide the support and coordination required to safely engage citizens throughout the region in assessing, maintaining and improving watershed quality for future generations.

As an organization working within the bounds of the Bad River watershed, the BRWA has found many opportunities to work with youth such as assisting with the Indigenous Arts and Sciences Program and Bad River Youth Outdoors Program and leading educational outings for school environmental clubs. With the expanding reach of the organization, many schools will be added to our working area. We will partner with these schools to provide hands-on educational opportunities to school aged youth in the region. Through this collaboration we will begin to build young stewards of the land and water while providing youth with the chance to apply the science of their classrooms to real world issues.

Building on our strong restoration work

The Bad River Watershed Association is well known for our restoration work. We have proven our ability to prioritize restoration work and partner with cooperators to successfully improve watershed quality by replacing problem culverts, educating landowners about restoration opportunities, coordinating volunteers for shoreline planting days and leading major bank stabilization projects such as one we are currently working on along the Marengo River. As we expand our working territory, we will begin by assessing and prioritizing areas in need of attention and be prepared to lead restoration projects as funding becomes available.

Healthy Organization

In order to be successful in fulfilling our mission we must continue to maintain a healthy organization with strong finances, a satisfied and highly skilled staff and a Board of Directors with the energy, knowledge and motivation to fulfill its role. The Board of Directors and staff will work to increase and diversify funding sources and follow through with clearly defined annual budgets and fundraising plans. As we value the program work of the Association, we also value stable working conditions with living wages paid to our staff, and will work to plan our finances and staffing levels accordingly. We will strive to provide funding for employee and Board education in order to strengthen and sustain the organization. We will work to build our Board to include citizens from throughout our expanding work area who can contribute needed skills to the organization and we will establish a method of smooth transitions as Board member roles change over time.


Bad River Watershed Association Awarded 229K for Fish Passage Restoration

The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF), through the Sustain Our Great Lakes Program, has awarded $229,160 to the Bad River Watershed Association (BRWA) for stream restoration projects.

Sustain Our Great Lakes is a public-private partnership that supports habitat restoration throughout the Great Lakes basin. A significant portion of program funding is provided by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, a federal program designed to protect, restore and enhance the Great Lakes ecosystem.

This year, 20 organizations were awarded a total $5.7 million in funding for Great Lakes restoration projects. BRWA was one of four organizations in Wisconsin to receive funding. This funding will allow BRWA to work with local towns and counties to carry out stream restoration projects, including the replacement of five road/stream crossing culverts. The new culverts will improve passage for native fish such as brook trout, and also reduce road washouts and sedimentation during high flows The focus of these projects is to reconnect cold water streams that have been cut off by improperly installed, undersized or failing culverts. Brook trout and other cold water species require the full reach of streams for successful long-term spawning, and for access to colder water when sections of streams become too warm.

Climate and water temperature modeling studies have indicated that climate change may cause the lower reaches of many streams in the Bad River watershed to become too warm for cold water species in coming decades. Because of this, reconnection of fish passage to cold headwater sources has become an increasingly important restoration priority.

BRWA was previously awarded a NFWF grant for a culvert restoration project on Fred's Creek on North York Road in Ashland Township. This project is scheduled for completion later this summer. Since beginning the Culvert Program in 2005, BRWA and its partners have reconnected over 25 miles of stream habitat in the watershed.


BRWA Receives Grant from Duluth Superior Area Community Foundation

We are excited to announce that BRWA recently received a grant of over $3,000 from the Duluth Superior Area Community Foundation as part of their Four Cedars Environmental Fund. We are honored to have been chosen as a recipient of this grant, which "was established to provide financial incentives that initiate, stimulate, enrich, and assist programs and organizations involved in the protection, preservation, and education of the unique natural resources found primarily within the Western Lake Superior Watershed."

This grant has made it possible for us to begin to establish nutrient and bacteria baseline values in waters within the Bad River watershed potentially impacted by the proposed CAFO in Bayfield County. We are currently monitoring for total phosphorus, total nitrogen, total suspended solids, and coliform bacteria. BRWA is also monitoring a site in Iron County with a similar potential impact from agriculture. The grant also includes support for community outreach, which is a critical component in the protection of natural resources.

The Duluth Superior Area Community Foundation funded BRWA projects and outreach in past years as well. Their commitment to the Lake Superior watershed is an inspiration, and we can't thank them enough for their vision and generosity.

To learn more about this wonderful organization, visit


Culvert Project Assists with Fish Passage

Check out this article from the August 8, 2015 edition of the Ashland Daily Press about our most recent culvert restoration project, on Wildcat Rd. Thanks to everyone who made the project and its news coverage a reality!


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BRWAs Priorities Poll

Please rank the questions below based on how you believe BRWA should prioritize emerging water quality issues in the region. (5 being the highest, 1 being the lowest - use the "+" selector to vote. 5 votes for highest rank, 4 votes for second highest, etc.)

Establish baseline water quality conditions
Outreach and education
Restore problem erosional areas
Work with local authorities to address water quality issues
Protective waterway designations
» Go to poll »
15 Votes left
Threats To Water Poll

Please rank the questions below based on what you believe is the greater threat to water quality in the region. (5 being the highest, 1 being the lowest - use the "+" selector to vote. 5 votes for highest rank, 4 votes for second highest, etc.)

Large-scale agriculture
Failing septic/waste treatment systems
Stream sedimentation, washouts and erosion
Forest management practices
» Go to poll »
15 Votes left

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